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National Cancer Institute

Key Collaborations

Listed here are a selection of our key collaborations, partners, and organizations that we in some way work with in order to drive evidenced-based research and interventions forward and to further the field of implementation science.

Several Institutes, Offices and Centers of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including the National Cancer Institute, along with 15 other NIH institutes and centers, have issued a Trans-NIH PAR to encourage investigators, in and outside the U.S., to submit research grant applications that identify, develop, and refine new approaches to test and evaluate models to disseminate and implement research-tested health behavior change interventions and evidence-based services in public health and clinical practice settings across the cancer continuum. The goals of this program announcement are to encourage trans-disciplinary teams of scientists and practice stakeholders to work together to develop and/or test conceptual models of dissemination and implementation that may be applicable across diverse practice settings, and design studies that will accurately assess the impact of dissemination and implementation efforts on improved services.

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) in collaboration with the National Institute of Heart, Lung, and Blood (NHLBI), the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) and Office of Disease Prevention (ODP) National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), is the sponsor of the 2014 Training Institute on Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH). The goal of this 5-day training institute is to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation (D&I) research in health. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts (practitioners and teachers) in theory, implementation and evaluation approaches to D&I, creating partnerships and multi-level transdisciplinary research teams, research design, methods and analyses appropriate for D&I investigations and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy).

As part of a public/private effort, IS collaborates with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on a web-based tool, Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T, designed to help in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based cancer control interventions. DCCPS and CDC have developed the user-friendly State Cancer Profiles website of Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T., which provides up-to-date county-level cancer mortality, incidence and behavioral risk factor data at the county level.  The IS team and NCI Office of Communications and Education collaborated to launch Research to Reality (R2R), new interactive community of practice with discussion forums, cyber-seminars, and enhanced collaboration opportunities with other practitioners and researchers around evidence-based practice. Links to AHRQ’s federally funded Guide to Clinical Preventive Services and CDC’s Guide to Community Services are provided in the Research Synthesis section of the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T.

For the first time, key international organizations including the American Cancer Society (ACS), African Organization for Research and Training in Cancer exit disclaimer (AORTIC), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), International Atomic Energy Agency – Program of Action for Cancer Therapy, International Cancer Control Congress Association exit disclaimer (ICCCA), Latin American and Caribbean Society of Medical Oncology exit disclaimer (SLACOM), Red de Institutos Nacionales de Cancer (RINC), Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), and World Health Organization (WHO) have joined together to coordinate their efforts to support national cancer control plan development and implementation. The International Cancer Control Partnership exit disclaimer (ICCP), formed in November 2012, is a group of organizations whose members were already individually working to support country cancer control planning efforts. Now, these organizations will work together on identified priorities to maximize their collective resources and avoid duplication of effort. The long-term outcome that the ICCP is working towards is that all countries have and are implementing a quality cancer control plan, which is linked to a country’s non-communicable disease (NCD) control efforts. The ICCP believes that prioritizing cancer is critical to reaching the voluntary goal within the Global Monitoring Framework on NCDs and the WHO Global NCDs Action Plan 2013-2020 (PDF):  a 25% reduction in premature mortality from non-communicable diseases (cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases) by 2025.

NCI is one of 16 organizations including: American Cancer Society, exit disclaimer American Cancer Society-Cancer Action Network, exit disclaimer American Legacy Foundation, exit disclaimer Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, exit disclaimer C-Change, exit disclaimer Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, exit disclaimer Commission on Cancer, exit disclaimer Intercultural Cancer Coalition, exit disclaimer LiveSTRONG, exit disclaimer Leukemia Lymphoma Society, exit disclaimer North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, exit disclaimer National Association of County and City Health Officials, exit disclaimer National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, exit disclaimer and Susan G. Komen exit disclaimer working together in the area of Comprehensive Cancer Control. Since 1999, the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP) has come together to support the development and implementation of comprehensive cancer control plans in states, tribes and territories. Phases 1 through 3 of this effort resulted in various tools, guidance documents and technical assistance opportunities, such as the CCC Leadership Institutes. Phases 1-3 were successful in assisting with the development of CCC plans and the implementation of priority planning strategies. Phase 4 of the CCCNP effort is designed to continue the fostering of networks among CCC coalitions and to drive action plans that will result in further implementation of CCC plan priority strategies. The CCCNP has chosen the following priorities for Phase 4: Policy Impacting CCC Efforts; Resources for Implementation of CCC Plans, CCC Implementation at the Local Level; and National Partner Communications.

DCCPS, in collaboration with AcademyHealth, the Veteran’s Health Administration, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and several other NIH Institutes, is co-hosting the 7th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation (2014): Transforming Health Systems to Optimize Individual and Population Health. The first conference was held in 2007 and focused on "Building the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in the service of Public Health." More recent conference topics included:  "Building Research Capacity to Bridge the Gap From Science to Service" (2009); “Methods and Measurement” (2010); “Policy and Practice” (2011); and “Research at the Crossroads” (2012). The goal of the conference is to promote and encourage the exchange of ideas across the research community, and to explore contemporary topics and identify concepts, methods and strategies to build research and organizational capacity for dissemination and implementation science. The conference provides interactive forums for the development and growth of the field, with a particular focus on ways in which research capacity can be enhanced.

IS collaborates with NCI’s Statistical Research Program to co-lead the Healthy People Cancer Chapter Workgroup with the CDC. With oversight from the NIH Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), the Cancer Workgroup has representation from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), C-Change, exit disclaimer and the Veteran’s Administration (VA), and works toward setting new objectives and targets for the next decade while measuring progress from the past. Having established a framework for Healthy People 2020, the workgroup actively monitors and reports on our nation’s progress and new set of goals.

IS in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), and six academic teams collaborated in 2012 to develop My Own Health Report (MOHR), an evidence-based patient reported behavioral health assessment and feedback system for primary care paired with counseling and goal setting). MOHR may be administered electronically or on paper, depending upon the setting.  In 2013, the collaborative partners conducted a pragmatic trial testing the integration of MOHR into usual primary care practice in nine diverse practice settings across the US paired with nine other practices serving as delayed intervention comparisons. Data collection ended in 2013 and analyses are nearly complete. Preliminary results indicate that general primary care infrastructure and resources present challenges to sustainable integration of health risk assessment tools and processes such as MOHR.  Partners are now working on dissemination strategies for this publicly available assessment and considering revisions of the tool for new and expanded applications of the tool.