Behavioral Research

Table of Contents
1 General Description & Theoretical Background
2 Related Conceptualization
3 Measures and Measurements


5 Published Examples

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Other Constructs



Dispositional Optimism




Illness Representations

  Implementation Intentions
  Intention, Expectation, and Willingness
  Normative Beliefs
  Optimistic Bias
  Perceived Benefits
  Perceived Control
  Perceived Severity
  Perceived Vulnerability
  Self-Reported Behavior
  Social Influence
  Social Support

Illness Representations
Michael A. Diefenbach

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4 References

Buick, DL. (1997). Illness representations and breast cancer: Coping with radiation and chemotherapy. In: Petrie, KJ and Weinman, J (Eds.), Perceptions of health and illness. Current research and applications pp. 379-409. Amsterdam; Harwood Academic Publishers.

Cameron, L.D., Booth R.J., Schlatter, M., Ziginskas D., Harman, J.E., Benson, S.R.C. (2005). Cognitive and affective determinants of decision to attend a group psychosocial support program for women with breast cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 584-589.

Cooper, A., Lloyd, GS., Weinman, J. and Jackson, G. (1999). Why patients do not attend cardiac rehabilitation: Role of intentions and illness beliefs. Heart, 82 234-236.

Diefenbach, M.A., & Leventhal, H. (1996). The common-sense model of illness representation: Theoretical and practical considerations. The Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 5, 11-38.

Griva, K, Myers, LB, and Newman, S (2000). Illness perceptions and self-efficacy beliefs in adolescents and young adults with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Psychology and Health 15, 733-750.

Heijmans, M (1998). Coping and adaptive outcome in chronic fatigue syndrome: importance of illness cognitions. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 45, 39-51.

Lau, R.R., & Hartman, K.A. (1983). Common sense representations of common illnesses. Health Psychology, 2, 185-197.

Leventhal, H. (1970). Findings and theory in the study of fear communications. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 5, 119-186.

Leventhal, H., Meyer, D., & Nerenz, D. (1980). The common sense representation of illness danger. In S. Rachman (Ed.), Medical psychology (Vol II, pp.7-30), New York: Pergamon Press.

Leventhal, H., Diefenbach, M.A., Leventhal, E. A. (1992). Illness Cognition: Using common sense to understand treatment adherence and affect cognition interactions. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16, 143-163.

Miller, S.M. & Diefenbach, M.A. (1998). C-SHIP: A cognitive-social health information processing approach to cancer. In D. Krantz (Ed.), Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine (219-244). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Miller, SM, Shoda Y, Hurley, K. (1996). Applying cognitive-social theory to health-protective behavior: Breast self-examination in cancer screening. Psychological Bulletin; 119:70-94.

Moss-Morris, R., Weinman, J., Petrie, K.J., Horne, R., Cameron, L.D., & Buick D. (2002). The revised illness perception questionnaire (IPQ-R). Psychology and Health, 17, 1-16.

Murphy, H, Dickens, C, Creed, F and Bernstein, R (1999). Depression, illness perception and coping in rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 155-164.

Weinman, J., Petrie, K., Moss-Morris, R, & Horne, R. (1996). The Illness Perception Questionnaire: A new method for assessing the cognitive representation of illness. Psychology and Health, 11 431-445.

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