Behavioral Research

Table of Contents
1 General Description & Theoretical Background
2 Similar Constructs
3 Measurement and Methodological Issues
4 Conclusion



Measures Appendix

7 Published Examples

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Other Constructs



Dispositional Optimism




Illness Representations

  Implementation Intentions
  Intention, Expectation, and Willingness
  Normative Beliefs
  Optimistic Bias
  Perceived Benefits
  Perceived Control
  Perceived Severity
  Perceived Vulnerability
  Self-Reported Behavior
  Social Influence
  Social Support

Perceived Benefits
Victoria Champion

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5 References

Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality, and behavior. Chicago: Dorsey Press.

Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122-147.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. In (pp. 390-449). Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Champion, V. (1984). Instrument development for health belief model constructs. Advances in Nursing Science, 6(3), 73-85.

Champion, V., Foster, J. L., & Menon, U. (1997). Tailoring interventions for health behavior change in breast cancer screening. Cancer Practice, 5(5), 283-288.

Champion, V. L. (1999). Revised susceptibility, benefits, and barriers scale for mammography screening. Research in Nursing &Health, 22(4), 341-348.

Champion, V. L., & Springston, J. (1999). Mammography adherence and beliefs in a sample of low-income African American women. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 6(3), 228-240.

DeVries, H., Dijkstra, M., & Kok, G. J. (1989). Self-efficacy as a determinant of the onset of smoking and interventions to prevent smoking in adolescents.

Hochbaum, G. M. (1958). Public participation in medical screening programs: a socio-psychological study. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Hofstetter, C. R., Sallis, J. F., & Hovell, M. F. (1990). Some health dimensions of self-efficacy: analysis of theoretical specificity. Soc Sci Med, 31(9), 1051-1056.

Lauver, D., & Angerame, M. (1988). Development of a questionnaire to measure beliefs and attitudes about breast self-examination. Cancer Nursing, 11(1), 51-57.

Maddux, J. F., Ingram, J. M., & Desmond, D. P. (1995). Reliability of two brief questionnaires for drug abuse treatment evaluation. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse, 21(2), 209-221.

Meyerowitz, B. E., & Chaiken, S. (1987). The effect of message framing on breast self-examination attitudes, intentions, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 500-510.

Powe, B. D. (1995). Fatalism among elderly African Americans: effects on colorectal cancer screening. Cancer Nursing, 18(5), 385-392.

Powe, B. D., & Weinrich, S. (1999). An intervention to decrease cancer fatalism among rural elders. Oncology Nursing Forum, 26(3), 583-588.

Rawl, S., Champion, V., Menon, U., Loehrer, P., Vance, G., Hunter, C., et al. (2001). Differences on health beliefs by stage of readiness to screen for colorectal cancer among first-degree relatives of affected individuals. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23(Supplement), S202.

Schifter, D. E., & Ajzen, I. (1985). Intention, perceived control, and weight loss: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(3), 843-851.

Skinner, C. S., Champion, V. L., Gonin, R., & Hanna, M. (1997). Do perceived barriers and benefits vary by mammography stage? Psychology, Health & Medicine, 2(1), 65-75.

Sugarek, N. J., Deyo, R. A., & Holmes, B. C. (1988). Locus of control and beliefs about cancer in a multi-ethnic clinic population. Oncology Nursing Forum, 15(4), 481-486.

Underwood, S. (1992). Cancer risk reduction and early detection behaviors among Black men: Focus on learned helplessness. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 9(1), 21-31.

Velicer, W. F., DiClemente, C. C., Prochaska, J. O., & Brandenburg, N. (1985). Decisional balance measure for assessing and predicting smoking status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(5), 1279-1289.

Wardle, J., Williamson, S., McCaffery, K., Sutton, S., Taylor, T., Edwards, R., et al. (2003). Increasing attendance at colorectal cancer screening: testing the efficacy of a mailed, psychoeducational intervention in a community sample of older adults. Health Psychol, 22(1), 99-105.

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