Behavioral Research

Table of Contents
1 Introduction
2

Theoretical Perspectives

3

Measures and Measurements

4

Related Concepts and Measures

5

Summary

6

References

7

Measures Appendix

8 Published Examples

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Other Constructs
 

Barriers

 

Dispositional Optimism

 

Environments

 

Illness Representations

  Implementation Intentions
  Intention, Expectation, and Willingness
  Normative Beliefs
  Optimistic Bias
  Perceived Benefits
  Perceived Control
  Perceived Severity
  Perceived Vulnerability
  Self-Efficacy
  Self-Reported Behavior
  Social Influence
  Social Support
  Stages
  Worry

Social Support
Brian Lakey

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5

Summary

The construct of social support has been very useful in understanding mental and physical health, including mortality and some specific illnesses. It is important to distinguish among three different types of social support: perceived support, enacted support, and social integration. Each type is measured differently and the three have different relations to outcomes. For example, measures of perceived support are especially good at predicting mental health, and measures of social integration have an impressive track record in predicting mortality. Thus, selection of a social support measure that is most appropriate for predicting the specific outcome of interest is important.

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