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Table of Contents
1 General Definition & Theoretical Background
2 Measuring Stage
3 Recommendations
4 References
5 Appendix A
6 Appendix B
7 Appendix C

Appendix D

9 Published Examples

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Other Constructs



Dispositional Optimism




Illness Representations

  Implementation Intentions
  Intention, Expectation, and Willingness
  Normative Beliefs
  Optimistic Bias
  Perceived Benefits
  Perceived Control
  Perceived Severity
  Perceived Vulnerability
  Self-Reported Behavior
  Social Influence
  Social Support

Stephen Sutton

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Appendix D. PAPM Stage Classification Algorithm, from Weinstein & Sandman (2002)

1. Have you ever heard about {home radon testing}
    Yes [go to 2]
Stage 1
2. Have you {tested your own house for radon}?
    No [go to 3]
Stage 6
3. Which of the following best describes your thoughts about {testing      your home}?
    Iíve never thought about {testing}
    Iím undecided about {testing}
    Iíve decided I donít want to {test}
    Iíve decided I do want to {test}
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
Stage 5

Note: The words in curly brackets could be replaced with other precautions to develop a staging algorithm for these precautions.
Key to stages:
Stage 1: Unaware of issue
Stage 2: Unengaged by issue
Stage 3: Deciding about acting
Stage 4: Decided not to act
Stage 5: Decided to act
Stage 6: Acted

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Health Behavior Constructs: Theory, Measurement, & Research