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Rationale: While tobacco use causes disease and preventable death in all segments of the population, certain racial and ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate share of the overall health burden. The 2000 Surgeon General’s report, titled Reducing Tobacco Use, identifies the elimination of tobacco-related disparities among racial and ethnic minority groups as a major goal in the campaign to reduce the health and economic burden of tobacco use. To reach this goal, additional research examining the effectiveness of alternative tobacco control policies on patterns of smoking among members of racial and ethnic minority groups is needed. While numerous econometric studies have examined the determinants of smoking for the general U.S. population, very few have looked at the impact of state tobacco policies on smoking among racial and ethnic groups.
Purpose: The purpose of this project is to examine the impact of state-level tobacco control policies on smoking propensity and intensity among individuals of racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States. Specifically, this project quantifies the differential effect of cigarette prices and cigarette excise taxes, smoke-free air laws, and youth access laws on cigarette smoking among African Americans, American Indians & Alaskan Natives (Aleuts and Eskimos combined), Asians and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics employing multiple waves of the Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS).
Impact: Findings from this project will be used to better understand the impact of state-level tobacco control policies on smoking propensity and intensity among individuals of racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States and help inform the development and implementation of tobacco control initiatives that will achieve the goal of reducing tobacco-related health disparities. Study findings are also being used to inform another TReND project, titled State Tobacco Control Policies and Smoking Cessation among Individuals of Different Racial/Ethnic and Socio-Economic Status Groups. TReND’s investigators will disseminate the study findings through peer-reviewed journal publications and presentations at major professional conferences.
John A. Tauras, PhD (Principal Investigator)
University of Illinois at Chicago
Pebbles Fagan, PhD, MPH
National Cancer Institute
Jennifer Rhoads, PhD Candidate
University of Illinois at Chicago
Dennis R. Trinidad, PhD, MPH
Claremont Graduate University
Tauras, JA (2007). Differential Impact of State Tobacco Control Policies Among Race and Ethnic Groups. Addiction, 102(S2): 95-103.
Tauras J (September 2007). The impact of smoke-free air laws and cigarette process on smoking among different racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States. Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND) Meeting, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.
Tauras J (April 2009). The impact of smoke-free air laws and cigarette process on smoking among different racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States. University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, Illinois.
Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey, National Cancer Institute and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Chaloupka FJ, Warner, KE 2000). The Economics of Smoking, Chapter 29 in Culyer A J, Newhouse JP (eds.), Handbook of Health Economics, vol. 1 (Part 2):1539-1627. Elsevier.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2000). Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1998). Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups—African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA.