FDA Center for Tobacco Products
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND)
TReND: LGBT of Color Sampling Methodology
Visit TReND’s web portal www.tobaccodisparities.org to learn more about research, programs, policies, and resources relevant to tobacco and health disparities.
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Rationale: Studies have found disturbing evidence of high tobacco use prevalence rates in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities. However, traditional data collection methods prevent us from learning more about tobacco use among LGBT and LGBT of Color who represent small populations in the United States. Taking into consideration the known tobacco disparities among racial and ethnic minorities and multiple recommendations from various reports, it is important to learn more about effective strategies for documenting tobacco use rates among high risk populations.
Purpose: In 2006, the American Legacy Foundation, National Cancer Institute (NCI), Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND), and California’s Tobacco Related Disease Research Program convened a meeting on LGBT of Color Sampling Methodology on September 15, 2006. The aims of the meeting were to:
- Identify obstacles/barriers in achieving adequate sampling of LGBT of Color in research.
- Summarize effective methodologies to adequately sample LGBT of Color.
- Generate recommendations for carrying out robust research on LGBT of Color.
- Produce content for the meeting report as well as other tools to disseminate findings from the meeting.
The 21 researchers at that meeting represented some of the most experienced people in LGBT of Color research, LGBT sampling, and tobacco-related health disparities.
Impact: The meeting report, Strategies for Collecting Data in Small, Hidden, or Hard-to-Reach Groups to Reduce Tobacco-Related Health Disparities, summarizes the meeting format and content, provides a brief overview of the problem of tobacco use among LGBT and racial and ethnic minorities, and makes recommendations to help eliminate tobacco-related health disparities. This meeting report distills the joint discussions and lessons learned from some of the most advanced researchers in this challenging field. This knowledge and the recommendations of the meeting participants provide invaluable resources to assist policymakers, funders, and researchers. Through this work, the larger body of knowledge on racial/ethnic health disparities, LGBT health, and rare population research will be commensurately enriched.
Francisco O. Buchting, PhD (Principal Investigator and Meeting Chair)
Scout, PhD (Science Writer)
National LGBT Tobacco Control Network
Pebbles Fagan, PhD, MPH
National Cancer Institute
LGBT of Color Sampling Methodology Meeting (September 15, 2006, American Legacy Foundation in Washington, DC): Meeting Agenda.
LGBT of Color Sampling Methodology Meeting Report (March 2009): Strategies for Collecting Data in Small, Hidden, or Hard-to-Reach Groups to Reduce Tobacco-Related Health Disparities.
Related TReND Projects
Migrant Farm Workers Sampling Methodology
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Healthy People 2010
(NOTE: A more comprehensive list of references can be found in the LGBT of Color Sampling Methodology Meeting Report.)
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The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and American Legacy Foundation are proud to fund the Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND). Previous support has also been provided by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office on Women’s Health, NCI Office of Women’s Health, and the NCI Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities.