National Cancer Institute
Behavioral Research - Cancer Control and Population Sciences

TReND: Low SES Women and Girls Project (Phase II): The Unintended Consequences of Tobacco Policies on Low SES Women and Girls

About the Project

Rationale: In 2004, TReND’s investigators developed the Low Socioeconomic Status (SES) Women and Girls Project to examine the effects of tobacco policies on low SES women and girls, an important but understudied topic. This project resulted in eight papers published in a special journal issue by the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health in September 2006 ( These papers examined the effects of tobacco and social policies on smoking behavior, exposure to second-hand smoke, and on the tobacco industry strategies. The findings from these publications suggest that not all policies have the intended effects and there is a need to continue to examine the consequences of policies on populations with high rates of smoking, low rates of quitting, and at increased risk for tobacco-related diseases.

Purpose: In 2007, as a follow-up project, TReND investigators are now examining a second research question: What are the unintended consequences of tobacco policies on low SES women and girls? Unintended consequences (i.e. impact on social acquisition, social networks, support systems, obesity, substance use, job circumstances, occupational choices, home life, and personal community and livelihood) may be harmful or helpful to the lives and livelihood of low SES women and girls. TReND will examine this research question by conducting a thorough review of the literature on this topic and developing a working group that extends beyond TReND. With funds from the NCI Office of Women’s Health, TReND will also sponsor a special journal issue dedicated to this topic.

Impact: Results from this research effort will help to initiate dialogue and generate the research-based evidence necessary for developing and implementing effective tobacco control policies and programs that not only decrease tobacco consumption behaviors among low SES women and girls, but also promote their overall well-being within the broader context of their families and other inter-personal relationships, communities, and socioeconomic structures.

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Last Updated: June 25, 2012

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