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National Cancer Institute
Implementation Science
    Integrating Science, Practice, and Policy

About Implementation Science

Key Collaborations:

 

Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), National Institutes of Health (NIH), in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), is the sponsor of the 2012 Training Institute on Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH). The goal of this 5-day training institute is to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation (D&I) research in health. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts (practitioners and teachers) in theory, implementation and evaluation approaches to D&I, creating partnerships and multi-level transdisciplinary research teams, research design, methods and analyses appropriate for D&I investigations and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy).

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Distance Learning Online Certificate Course on Implementation Research

Distance Learning Online Certificate Course on Implementation Research is being jointly developed by USAID, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the World Health Organization (WHO), with funding from PEPFAR. The proposed IR online certificate course is intended as a distance learning tool.

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Knowledge Translation Canada Summer Institute

The Knowledge Translation (KT) Canada Summer Institute creates a working environment wherein students can interact with and learn from researchers in the area of knowledge translation, and fosters a research network of future young investigators from interdisciplinary backgrounds. KT Canada brings together the country's top graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, scholars and decision makers to provide a strategic, capacity-building workshop on knowledge translation.

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APHA Cancer Forum

NCI, in collaboration with C-Change and a diverse group of professionals representing academia, federal, state and local health departments, and private and non-profit organizations, established a Cancer Forum within APHA in 2008. The Cancer Forum’s mission is to: 1) Create a focus on cancer as a public health issue within the APHA that will engage existing and new members active in cancer prevention and control activities ranging from education, practice, policy, research, and surveillance and; 2) Enable cross-disciplinary interaction that integrates public health principles, engages researchers and practitioners, and advances population-level knowledge and practice relevant to cancer prevention and control, from basic science to population science.

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Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (Plan, Link, Act, Network with Evidence-based Tools)

As part of a public/private effort, IS collaborates with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) on a web-based tool, Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T, designed to help in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based cancer control interventions. DCCPS and CDC have developed the user-friendly State Cancer Profiles website of Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T., which provides up-to-date county-level cancer mortality, incidence and behavioral risk factor data at the county level.  The IS team and NCI Office of Communications and Education collaborated to launch Research to Reality (R2R), new interactive community of practice with discussion forums, cyber-seminars, and enhanced collaboration opportunities with other practitioners and researchers around evidence-based practice. Links to AHRQ’s federally funded Guide to Clinical Preventive Services and CDC’s Guide to Community Services are provided in the Research Synthesis section of the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. Finally, the IS team also works with SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) to review evidence-based programs posted on Research-tested Intervention Programs (RTIPs), a central resource on Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T.

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Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T (Plan, Link, Act, Network with Evidence-based Tools) (Canada)

In a collaborative effort, NCI and the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (CPAC) have expanded the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (Plan, Link, Act, Network with Evidence-based Tools) Web portal from the United States to Canada. The Canadian site follows the same design as the U.S. site, while engaging Canadian cancer control practitioners and researchers in usability testing to ensure that the Canadian site meets their needs. Both the Canadian and U.S. sites provide a single point of access to high-quality tools and resources from multiple national organizations, which can be used to design, implement, and evaluate evidence-based cancer control plans and programs.

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Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN)

DCCPS has partnered with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to establish a Prevention Research Centers' (PRC) Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network. The purpose of the partnership is to: 1) expand collaboration with other NCI-funded cancer research centers (e.g., Special Population Networks, Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers, and Comprehensive Cancer Centers); 2) enhance the capacity of PRCs to become more competitive in obtaining peer-reviewed, community-based cancer prevention and control intervention research grants; and 3) facilitate the translation of effective interventions into practice.

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Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP)

NCI is one of 10 organizations working together in the area of Comprehensive Cancer Control. Since 1999, the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP) has come together to support the development and implementation of comprehensive cancer control plans in states, tribes and territories. Phases 1 through 3 of this effort resulted in various tools, guidance documents and technical assistance opportunities, such as the CCC Leadership Institutes. Phases 1-3 were successful in assisting with the development of CCC plans and the implementation of priority planning strategies. Phase 4 of the CCCNP effort is designed to continue the fostering of networks among CCC coalitions and to drive action plans that will result in further implementation of CCC plan priority strategies. The CCCNP has chosen the following priorities for Phase 4: Policy Impacting CCC Efforts; Resources for Implementation of CCC Plans, CCC Implementation at the Local Level; and National Partner Communications.

CCCNP Partners:
American Cancer Society, American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, C-Change, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Intercultural Cancer Council (ICC), Lance Armstrong Foundation, National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, National Association of County and City Health Officials, North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR), and the National Cancer Institute
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Dissemination and Implementation Science Conference

DCCPS, in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), the Veteran’s Health Administration, and several other NIH Institutes over the years, hosts the annual Trans-NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation. The first conference was held in 2007 and focused on "Building the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in the service of Public Health." More recent conference topics were around:  "Building Research Capacity to Bridge the Gap From Science to Service" (2009);  “Methods and Measurement” (2010); “Policy and Practice” (2011); and “Research at the Crossroads” (2012). The goal of the conference is to promote and encourage the exchange of ideas across the research community, and to explore contemporary topics and identify concepts, methods and strategies to build research and organizational capacity for dissemination and implementation science. The conference provides interactive forums for the development and growth of the field, with a particular focus on ways in which research capacity can be enhanced.

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Healthy People 2020

IS collaborates with NCI’s Statistical Research Program to co-lead the Healthy People Cancer Chapter Workgroup with the CDC. With oversight from the NIH Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), the Cancer Workgroup has representation from the NIH Office of Minority Health, the NIH Office of Women’s Health, and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), and works toward setting new objectives and targets for the next decade while measuring progress from the past. Having established a framework for Healthy People 2020, the workgroup actively monitors and reports on our nation’s progress and new set of goals.

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International Comprehensive Cancer Control Leadership Forums

The NCI, the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with the International Union Against Cancer (UICC), have been working to develop Comprehensive Cancer Control Leadership Forums, with a focus on cancer control planning and implementation in Latin America. The first forum was held in 2006 in Mexico City and brought together cancer control leaders from Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Uruguay. The second forum was held in Brazil in 2007 and brought together leaders from the original four countries as well as leaders from Argentina, Chile, Columbia and Nicaragua.

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Trans-NIH Dissemination and Implementation PAR

Several Institutes, Offices and Centers of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including the National Cancer Institute, have issued a Trans-NIH PAR to encourage investigators, in and outside the U.S., to submit research grant applications that identify, develop, and refine new approaches to test and evaluate models to disseminate and implement research-tested health behavior change interventions and evidence-based services in public health and clinical practice settings across the cancer continuum. The goals of this program announcement are to encourage trans-disciplinary teams of scientists and practice stakeholders to work together to develop and/or test conceptual models of dissemination and implementation that may be applicable across diverse practice settings, and design studies that will accurately assess the impact of dissemination and implementation efforts on improved services.

Participating NIH Institutes/Centers/Offices:
National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), the Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research (OBSSR), the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and the Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS)

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Using What Works (UWW)

IS has collaborated with NCI’s Office of Communications and Education to develop and disseminate a train-the-trainer course on how to adapt research-tested intervention programs at the local community level.

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Last Updated: June 4, 2013

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