Implementation Science at a Glance
The field of Dissemination and Implementation (D&I) science has been steadily developing in research and academia. Here are aggregate resources, curated by the Implementation Science team, that pertain both to cancer and D&I as a wider field. Related websites and external publications, evaluations of funding opportunities, models and frameworks, and other resources can help frame your D&I agenda.
Evidence Integration Triangle
The Evidence Integration Triangle (EIT) guides translation, implementation, prevention efforts, comparative effectiveness research, funding, and policymaking. The EIT emphasizes interactions among three related components needed for effective evidence implementation: (1) practical evidence-based interventions; (2) pragmatic, longitudinal measures of progress; and (3) participatory implementation processes. At the center of the EIT is active engagement of key stakeholders and scientific evidence and attention to the context in which a program is implemented. The EIT model is a straightforward framework to guide practice, research and policy toward greater effectiveness. The framework is designed to be applicable across multiple levels – from individual-focused and patient-provider interventions to health systems and policy-level change initiatives.
Glasgow, R. E., Green, L. W., Taylor, M. V., & Stange, K. C. (2012). An evidence integration triangle for aligning science with policy and practice. American journal of preventive medicine, 42(6), 646-654.
Key D&I Websites and Publications
The following websites and publications may be of additional use to individuals interested in applying for D&I funding:
- Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, NIH
- VA QUERI (Quality Enhancement Research Initiative)
- Dissemination and Implementation Narrative Library (Centers of Excellence in Cancer Communication Research)
- UNC Translational & Clinical Sciences Institute: D&I Portal
- Implementation Network
- Dissemination and Implementation Models in Research & Practice
- Brownson R, Colditz G, Proctor, E (Eds.). Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health. Oxford University Press, New York. 2012 (recently published comprehensive resource).
- Bennett, G. and Jessani, N. (2011). The Knowledge Translation Toolkit: Bridging the Know-Do Gap: A Resource for Researchers. International Development Research Centre and Sage Publications, New Delhi, India. 2011.
- Rogers EM. Diffusion of innovations, 5th ed. Free Press, New York. 2003.
- Tinkle, M., Kimball, R., Haozous, E. A., Shuster, G., & Meize-Grochowski, R.(2013). Dissemination and implementation research in health funded by the US National Institutes of Health 2005-2012. Nursing Research and Practice, 2013.
- Proctor, E. K., Powell, B. J., Baumann, A. A., Hamilton, A. M., & Santens, R. L. (2012). Writing implementation research grant proposals: Ten key ingredients . Implementation Science, 7(1), 96.
- Tabak RG, Khoong EC, Chambers DA, Brownson RC. Bridging research and practice: models for dissemination and implementation research. Am J Prev Med. 2012 Sep; 43(3):337-50.
- Glasgow RE, Vinson C, Chambers D, Khoury MJ, Kaplan RM, Hunter C. National Institutes of Health approaches to dissemination and implementation science: current and future directions. Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1274-81.
- Green LW, Ottoson JM, Garcia C, Hiatt RA. Diffusion theory and knowledge dissemination, utilization, and integration in public health. Ann Rev Public Health. 2009; 30:151-174.
- Rabin BA, Brownson RC, Haire-Joshu D, Kreuter MW, Weaver NL. A glossary for dissemination and implementation research in health. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2008;14(2):117-123
- Greenhalgh T, Robert G, Macfarlane F, Bate P, Kyriakidou O. Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations. The Milbank Quarterly. 2004; 82(4): 581-629.
Evaluations of D&I Funding Opportunities
Dissemination and Implementation Models & Frameworks
Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research grantees are encouraged to incorporate D&I models & frameworks in their study designs. The following resources may be used as a starting point for identifying potential D&I models & frameworks but is not meant to be a comprehensive resource or interpreted as models sponsored, supported or preferred by NIH or NCI.
- Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) Model of Knowledge Translation
- Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) (Damschroder)
- Interactive Systems Framework (Wandersman et al)
- A practical, robust implementation and sustainability model (PRISM) for integrating research findings into practice. (Feldstein and Glasgow)
- Preceed-Proceed Model (Green & Kreuter)
- Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) (Glasgow et al)