Implementation Science at a Glance
The field of Dissemination and Implementation (D&I) science has been steadily developing in research and academia. Here are aggregate resources, curated by the Implementation Science team, that pertain both to cancer and D&I as a wider field. Related websites and external publications, evaluations of funding opportunities, models and frameworks, and other resources can help frame your D&I agenda.
Evidence Integration Triangle
The Evidence Integration Triangle (EIT) guides translation, implementation, prevention efforts, comparative effectiveness research, funding, and policymaking. The EIT emphasizes interactions among three related components needed for effective evidence implementation: (1) practical evidence-based interventions; (2) pragmatic, longitudinal measures of progress; and (3) participatory implementation processes. At the center of the EIT is active engagement of key stakeholders and scientific evidence and attention to the context in which a program is implemented. The EIT model is a straightforward framework to guide practice, research and policy toward greater effectiveness. The framework is designed to be applicable across multiple levels – from individual-focused and patient-provider interventions to health systems and policy-level change initiatives.
Glasgow, R. E., Green, L. W., Taylor, M. V., & Stange, K. C. (2012). An evidence integration triangle for aligning science with policy and practice. American journal of preventive medicine, 42(6), 646-654.
Key D&I websites and publications
The following websites and publications may be of additional use to individuals interested in applying for D&I funding:
- Proctor, E. K., Powell, B. J., Baumann, A. A., Hamilton, A. M., & Santens, R. L. (2012). Writing implementation research grant proposals: Ten key ingredients . Implementation Science, 7(1), 96.
- Tinkle, M., Kimball, R., Haozous, E. A., Shuster, G., & Meize-Grochowski, R.(2013). Dissemination and implementation research in health funded by the US National Institutes of Health 2005-2012. Nursing Research and Practice, 2013.
Evaluations of D&I Funding Opportunities
Dissemination and Implementation Models & Frameworks
Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research grantees are encouraged to incorporate D&I models & frameworks in their study designs. The following resources may be used as a starting point for identifying potential D&I models & frameworks but is not meant to be a comprehensive resource or interpreted as models sponsored, supported or preferred by NIH or NCI.
- Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) Model of Knowledge Translation
- Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) (Damschroder)
- Interactive Systems Framework (Wandersman et al)
- A practical, robust implementation and sustainability model (PRISM) for integrating research findings into practice. (Feldstein and Glasgow)
- Preceed-Proceed Model (Green & Kreuter)
- Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) (Glasgow et al)