TReND: State Tobacco Control Policies and Smoking Cessation among Individuals of Different Racial/Ethnic and Socio-Economic Status Groups
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Rationale: While tobacco use causes disease and preventable death in all segments of the population, certain racial and ethnic minorities and individuals of lower socioeconomic status (SES) bear a disproportionate share of the overall health burden. The 2000 Surgeon General’s report, titled Reducing Tobacco Use, identifies the elimination of tobacco-related disparities among racial/ethnic and SES groups as a major goal in the campaign to reduce the health and economic burden of tobacco use. To meet this goal, additional research examining the effectiveness of alternative tobacco control policies on smoking cessation decisions among members of racial/ethnic and SES groups is needed. While numerous econometric studies have examined the determinants of smoking propensity and intensity in the United States, few have focused on the impact of state tobacco control policies on individual’s smoking cessation decisions, and none have focused on the differential effect of state tobacco control policies on smoking cessation decisions among individuals of different racial/ethnic and SES groups.
Purpose: The purpose of this project is to examine the impact of state-level tobacco control policies on smoking cessation decisions among individuals of different racial/ethnic and SES groups in the United States. Specifically, TReND’s investigators will attempt to quantify the differential effect of cigarette prices and cigarette excise taxes, smoke-free air laws, and youth access laws on previous smoking cessation attempts, intentions to quit smoking in the future, and actual cessation efforts among Whites, African Americans, American Indians & Alaskan Natives (Aleuts and Eskimos combined), Asians and Pacific Islanders, Hispanics and individuals of different SES defined by income and education employing two large nationally representative datasets. These datasets include: (1) 15 cross-sectional waves of data from the 1992-2003 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Surveys (TUS-CPS) and (2) the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (NLSY97).
Impact: Findings from this project will build on an earlier project funded by TReND, titled Differential Impact of State Tobacco Control Policies among Race and Ethnic Groups, by focusing exclusively on cessation efforts. TReND’s investigators will disseminate the study findings through peer-reviewed journal publications and presentations at major professional conferences. Findings from this project will be used to better understand the effects of current state policy efforts on smoking cessation behaviors and inform the continued drive for developing effective state tobacco control policy initiatives that encourage smoking cessation among those suffering disproportionately from tobacco-related disparities.
John A. Tauras, Ph.D. (Principal Investigator)
University of Illinois at Chicago
Pebbles Fagan, Ph.D., M.P.H.
National Cancer Institute
Jennifer Rhoads, Ph.D. Candidate
University of Illinois at Chicago
Dennis R. Trinidad, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Claremont Graduate University
Project Activities and Findings
Not yet available.
Tauras J (June 2009). State tobacco control policies and smoking cessation among different racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States. Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND) Meeting, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.
Tauras J (April 2009). The impact of smoke-free air laws and cigarette process on smoking among different racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States. University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, Illinois.
Other Resources and Publications
Related TReND Projects
Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey, National Cancer Institute and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (NLSY97), Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States Department of Labor.
Select Scientific Publications and Articles
Chaloupka FJ, Warner, KE. The Economics of Smoking , Chapter 29 in Culyer A J, Newhouse JP (eds.), Handbook of Health Economics, vol. 1 (Part 2):1539-1627. Elsevier.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2000). Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1998). Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups—African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and American Legacy Foundation are proud to fund the Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND). Previous support has also been provided by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office on Women’s Health, NCI Office of Women’s Health, and the NCI Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities.