Monograph 15: Those Who Continue To Smoke Is Achieving Abstinence Harder and Do We Need to Change Our Interventions?
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Table of Contents:
- Chapter 1
Smokers Who Have Not Quit: Is Cessation More Difficult and Should We Change Our Strategies? (187 KB)
- Definition of the Question
- Measures of Hardening
- Have Cessation and Abstinence Rates Fallen Overall?
- Have Recent Cessation Rates Fallen Among Populations That Have Achieved Low Smoking Prevalence?
- Are Residual Smokers Heavier Smokers or More Addicted?
- Do Current Smokers Have Higher Comorbidity Than Smokers Did in Previous Decades?
- Are Residual Smokers Concentrated in Less Advantaged Demographic Groups and Those With Less Exposure To Tobacco Control Interventions?
- Chapter 2
The Case for Hardening of the Target (105 KB)
- Why It Is Important to Test the Hardening Hypothesis
- An Adequate Test of the Hardening Hypothesis Is Needed
- Dependence May Not Be the Most Relevant Cause of Any Hardening
- Chapter 3
The Case Against Hardening of the Target (PDF, 102 KB)
- Effect of Individual Factors on Heavy Smokers
- Effect of Environmental Factors on Heavy Smokers
- Chapter 4
Examining a Quarter-Century of Smoking Cessation Trials: Is the Target Becoming Harder to Treat? (PDF, 140 KB)
- Chapter 5
Changes in Measures of Nicotine Dependence Using Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Data from COMMIT (161 KB)
- Chapter 6
Changes in Smoking Habits in the American Cancer Society CPS I During 12 Years of Follow-Up (PDF, 142 KB)
- Cancer Prevention Study I
- Methods of Analysis
- Chapter 7
Changes in Number of Cigarettes Smoked per Day: Cross-Sectional and Birth Cohort Analyses Using NHIS (PDF, 168 KB)
- Chapter 8
Changes in Cross-Sectional Measures of Cessation, Numbers of Cigarettes Smoked per Day, and Time to First Cigarette—California and National Data (PDF, 190 KB)
- Changes in National Cessation Rates and Number of Cigarettes Smoked per Day
- Changes in Cessation Rates, Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day, and Time to First Cigarette in California, 1990 to 1999
- Chapter 9
Hardening of the Target: Evidence from Massachusetts (PDF, 146 KB)