- Energy Balance
Research is needed to more clearly understand how factors related to energy balance—the integrated effects of diet, physical activity, and genetics on growth and body weight—interact over a lifetime to influence cancer risk and prognosis.
- Health Disparities
Transdisciplinary research teams are delineating factors that contribute to health disparities and barriers in care for specific populations. Effective interventions will require new or adapted measures on inequity, social environment, and social determinants of health.
- Care Coordination
Research is needed to optimize various processes of care, including communication and coordination across the cancer control continuum, and to evaluate how these processes affect health outcomes.
- Patterns of Care
Researchers are examining variations in the patterns and quality of care delivered in diverse health care settings, identifying populations at risk for receiving suboptimal care, and examining factors influencing disparities in the delivery of effective and timely care.
- Precision Medicine & Population Health
Precision tools are needed not only for medical applications, but also to measure biological, social, environmental, and economic factors affecting health in populations. These tools also can aid in developing more precise, targeted interventions for specific populations and individual patients.
- Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
Genetic testing can identify individuals with hereditary cancer syndromes who may benefit from specialized prevention, screening, or treatment. Identifying these individuals also may help guide the future medical care of their relatives and enable smaller, faster medical trials and research studies.