Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (TIDIRC)
One of the most critical issues impeding improvement in the health of people across the cancer continuum today is the enormous gap between what we know can optimize health and cancer care and what gets implemented in everyday practice. The science of dissemination and implementation (D&I) seeks to address this gap by understanding how best to ensure that evidence-based strategies to improve health and prevent disease are effectively delivered in clinical and public health practice.
- D&I research draws from a variety of behavioral and social science disciplines and employs approaches and methods that in the past have not been taught comprehensively in most graduate degree programs.
- Though this field of research has gained incredible momentum in recent years, the need remains to grow a cadre of both new and established scientists who are prepared to (1) address the complex process of bridging research and practice in a variety of real-world settings and (2) conduct research that balances rigor with relevance and employs study designs and methods appropriate for the complex processes involved in D&I.
What Is Dissemination and Implementation (D&I) Research?
Dissemination research is the systematic study of processes and factors that lead to widespread use of an evidence-based intervention by the target population. Its focus is to identify the best methods that enhance the uptake and utilization of the intervention.1
Implementation research seeks to understand the processes and factors that are associated with successful integration of evidence-based interventions within a particular setting (e.g., a worksite or school). Implementation research assesses whether the core components of the original intervention were faithfully incorporated into the real-world setting (i.e., the degree of fidelity of the disseminated and implemented intervention with the original study) and also is concerned with the adaptation of the implemented intervention to the local context.1
1 Rabin, B.A., Brownson, R.C., Haire-Joshu, D., Kreuter, M.W., & Weaver, N.L. (2008). A Glossary for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 14, 117-123.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS) is hosting this training institute to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting D&I research with a specific focus on cancer, across the cancer control continuum. In 2018, the institute will utilize a combination of a 4-month online course (six modules with related assignments) between March 15 and June 29, 2018, and a 2-day in-person training to be held July 9 and 10, 2018, in Bethesda, MD. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts in theory, implementation, and evaluation approaches to D&I; creating partnerships and multilevel, transdisciplinary research teams; research design, methods, and analyses appropriate for D&I; and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy).
Participants will be expected to return to their home institutions prepared to share what they have learned at the institute to help further the field of D&I research (e.g., giving talks, leading seminars, forming new collaborations, mentoring, submitting D&I grant proposals).
This training institute has been adapted from broader Training Institute in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH). For a background on that training institute (TIDIRH), please see this article published January 24, 2013: "The U.S. training institute for dissemination and implementation research in health ." Implementation Science 2013 8:12.
For information on NIH funding for dissemination and implementation science, please visit the NCI Implementation Science Team Funding page.
Participant Eligibility Requirements
This training is designed for investigators at any career stage interested in conducting D&I research with a focus on the cancer continuum. To be eligible, participants must NOT have matriculated through other NIH-supported implementation science training programs (e.g. TIDIRH , MT-DIRC , IRI ). To be eligible, participants must NOT have current R18, R01, or R01-equivalent funding as a Principal Investigator for D&I research and may not have received such funding in the past 5 years. Note: Investigators who have received an R01 or equivalent are eligible, if the funding was not specifically for D&I research. Preference will be given to applicants who demonstrate experience with—or potential for—working effectively in transdisciplinary teams and who have strong partnerships with—or are embedded within—health care delivery, public health, or community-based networks. We seek a balance of both junior and senior investigators, with the overall goal of bringing new people into the field of D&I research. While we anticipate that most participants will be early- to mid-career individuals, we will enroll a limited number of senior researchers who are making the switch to D&I research.
In addition, to be eligible, participants must meet all the following criteria:
- Doctoral degree (Ph.D., Sc.D., M.D., Dr.P.H., D.O., D.V.M., D.N.Sc., etc.), or terminal degrees in other clinical professions will be accepted (please contact the IS Team with any specific questions)
- Demonstrated experience and expertise in health research (e.g., medicine, behavioral medicine, psychology, nursing, medical anthropology, health economics, public health, health policy).
- Feasible D&I research concept to work on throughout the course. This should be a project that the applicant is seriously interested in conducting and/or submitting for funding.
- Willing and able to pay travel expenses (round-trip airfare, ground transportation, hotel accommodations, and meals) and attend and actively participate in the entire online and in-person training institute, if accepted.
- Federal employees are not eligible, except for individuals whose positions allow them to receive grants and function as independent researchers (e.g., U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs research investigators).
Applicants are NOT required to be citizens, permanent residents, or non-citizen nationals of the United States. There is no fee to apply to or attend the institute. However, all applicants are responsible for arranging and paying for their travel to attend.
Attendance at the in-person training will NOT be permitted to those who have not actively participated in the online course and completed the required coursework.
The 2018 application period is closed. Please come back in early 2019 to apply for the next training. 2018 applicants will be notified of their acceptance status by March 7, 2018. For questions concerning the training or application process, please review the FAQ page or contact the Implementation Science Team at NCIdccpsISteam@mail.nih.gov.
Please note: All the application components (1–4) below must be prepared and available for upload prior to submitting your application.
Please be sure to name all your files with your last name followed by an underscore and the type of document (see below). All documents must be either Microsoft Word or Adobe PDF files.
- Implementation science is an inherently transdisciplinary field, requiring the involvement and contribution of multiple perspectives, disciplines, and stakeholders, including policy and practice stakeholders. Success in designing and conducting implementation studies requires experience, interest, and a commitment to working in a transdisciplinary manner, spanning multiple academic disciplines as well as research, policy, and practice boundaries. Please briefly describe (300-word maximum) your experience in (or plans for) productive, effective transdisciplinary work and how this fits with your goals for conducting D&I research in the future.
*Save file as “YourLastName_Statement”
- Letter(s) of recommendation from a research mentor (or colleague for senior-level applicants) who can (a) address your potential to pursue D&I research and (b) speak to institutional interest and support for D&I research. Two letters are acceptable if the mentor/colleague is from a different institution. If submitting two letters of recommendation, please combine them into one document.
*Save file as “YourLastName_Letter”
- A current curriculum vitae (CV)
*Save file as “YourLastName_CV”
- A 1.5- to 2-page concept paper describing the D&I, cancer-focused research project you plan to conduct and will develop during the conference. Describe the specific aims and general approach. In addition, please describe (a) the evidence-based practice or innovation you wish to implement (or that you wish to study within the context of a natural experiment of implementation or adaptation) or disseminate; (b) the type of implementation strategy or approach you envision (if you plan an interventional study); and (c) the type of evaluation or research plan you envision. NOTE: Papers longer than 2 pages will not be reviewed to ensure equity in the selection process. References are not required and will not count toward the page limit.
*Save file as “YourLastName_ConceptPaper”