Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (TIDIRC)
One of the most critical issues impeding improvement in the health of people across the cancer continuum today is the enormous gap between what we know can optimize health and cancer care and what gets implemented in everyday practice. Research on dissemination and implementation (D&I) seeks to address this gap by understanding how best to ensure that evidence-based strategies to improve health and prevent disease are effectively delivered in clinical and public health practice.
- D&I research draws from a variety of behavioral and social science disciplines and employs approaches and methods that in the past have not been taught comprehensively in most graduate degree programs.
- Though this field of research has gained incredible momentum in recent years, the need remains to grow a cadre of both new and established scientists who are prepared to (1) address the complex process of bridging research and practice in a variety of real-world settings and (2) conduct research that balances rigor with relevance and employs study designs and methods appropriate for the complex processes involved in D&I.
What Is Dissemination and Implementation (D&I) Research?
Dissemination research is the systematic study of processes and factors that lead to widespread use of an evidence-based intervention by the target population. Its focus is to identify the best methods that enhance the uptake and utilization of the intervention.1
Implementation research seeks to understand the processes and factors that are associated with successful integration of evidence-based interventions within a particular setting (e.g., a worksite or school). Implementation research assesses whether the core components of the original intervention were faithfully incorporated into the real-world setting (i.e., the degree of fidelity of the disseminated and implemented intervention with the original study) and also is concerned with the adaptation of the implemented intervention to the local context.1
1 Rabin, B.A., Brownson, R.C., Haire-Joshu, D., Kreuter, M.W., & Weaver, N.L. (2008). A Glossary for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 14, 117-123.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS) is hosting this training institute to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting D&I research with a specific focus on cancer, across the cancer control continuum. In 2019, the institute will utilize a combination of a 4-month online course (six modules with related assignments) between February and June, and a 2-day in-person training to be held July 8 and 9, 2019, in Bethesda, MD. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts in theory, implementation, and evaluation approaches to D&I; creating partnerships and multilevel, transdisciplinary research teams; research design, methods, and analyses appropriate for D&I; and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy).
Participants will be expected to return to their home institutions prepared to share what they have learned at the institute to help further the field of D&I research (e.g., giving talks, leading seminars, forming new collaborations, mentoring, submitting D&I grant proposals).
This training institute has been adapted from broader Training Institute in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH). For a background on that training institute (TIDIRH), please see this article published January 24, 2013: "The U.S. training institute for dissemination and implementation research in health ." Implementation Science 2013 8:12.