Energy Intake - Steady State & Change Over Time

Measure Definition:

This measurement provides an estimate of the changes in energy intake over time. The method requires baseline information about sex, age, and height along with repeated body weight data and optional physical activity data (e.g., from an accelerometer). The method calculates the changes in energy intake over time that correspond to the measured body weight changes using a mathematical model of adult human energy balance dynamics. 



Construct Definition (and Source):

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. (MeSH)

Selected References

Citation PubMed ID

Lichtman SW, Pisarska K, Berman ER, Pestone M, Dowling H, Offenbacher E, Weisel H, Heshka S, Matthews DE, Heymsfield SB. Discrepancy between self-reported and actual caloric intake and exercise in obese subjects. N Engl J Med. 1992 Dec 31;327(27):1893-8. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199212313272701. PMID: 1454084.

Beavers K, Ambrosius W, Rejeski W, et al. Effect of exercise type during intentional weight loss on body composition in older adults with obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2016;25:1823-1829.

Schoeller D. How accurate is self-reported dietary energy intake? Nutr Rev 1990; 48:373-379.

Berstad P, Randby A, Ekeland G, Ulveland H. Body fat and fat-free mass measured by bioelectric impedance spectroscopy and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in obese and non-obese adults. Br J Nutr 2012;28:1192-1200.

Sanghvi A, Redman L, Martin C, Ravussin E, Hall K. Validation of an inexpensive and accurate mathematical method to measure long-term changes in free-living energy intake. Am J Clin Nutr 2015;102:353-358.