State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) funded the State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Research Initiative from 2011 to 2016. Cooperative agreements were awarded to seven scientific research projects and one Coordinating Center. The research conducted by initiative members addresses important, understudied aspects of state and community tobacco control policy and media interventions. The initiative’s five research areas are:
- Community and Social Norms
- Mass Media Countermeasures
- Secondhand Smoke Policies
- Tax and Pricing Policies
- Tobacco Industry Marketing & Promotion
Members of the SCTC Research Initiative took part in strategic partnerships with state and local tobacco control programs and other public health organizations. These partnerships focused on collaborative research and dissemination and were designed to enable the rapid adoption of research findings into everyday practice.
American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST)
The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study for Cancer Prevention (ASSIST) was an 8 year non-randomized demonstration project for tobacco prevention and control conducted by the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society and 17 state health departments. The ASSIST monographs (Volumes 16 and 17) provides the conceptual model, technical assistance and training information, lessons learned and numerous practical case studies of a comprehensive national, evidence-based program that was implemented at the state and community level.
ASSIST was rolled out in two phases - a two-year planning phase from 1991 to 1993 and a six-year implementation phase from 1993 to 1999. NCI provided an average of $1.14 million per state per year during the intervention years, for a total of $128 million over the eight years of the program. Other additional funding and support were available to the states through voluntary organizations and other non-federal sources.
Contact: Bob Vollinger, MSPH (email@example.com)
Tobacco Research Initiative for State and Community Interventions (TRISCI)
The Tobacco Research Initiative for State and Community Interventions stimulated research on new or existing tobacco control interventions relevant to State and community tobacco control programs. The initiative supported research on innovative tobacco prevention and control interventions at the community, State or multi-state level, particularly policy or media-based interventions. It also emphasized collaboration between tobacco control researchers, state-based comprehensive tobacco control programs and community-based coalitions. This initiative has received two rounds of funding through the “Research in State and Community Tobacco Control Interventions” RFAs (RFA-CA-01-017 and RFA-CA-99-001). Total investment was $76.4 million for 19 grants over 10 years.
Contact: Bob Vollinger, MSPH (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Tobacco Products Research and Development Contract
The National Cancer Institute awarded a five year Research and Development contract, “Laboratory Assessment of Tobacco Use Behavior and Exposure to Toxins Among Users of New Tobacco Products Promoted to Reduce Harm,” in 2006 to Georgetown University. The purpose of this contract was to develop methods and measures for product testing and advance scientific knowledge about the toxic and addictive properties of tobacco products marketed by the tobacco industry with claims that imply reduced harm. The contract bought together a consortium of investigators across several institutions. The total award was $3,522,000.
Contact: Mirjana Djordjevic, Ph.D. (email@example.com) and Mark Parascandola, Ph.D., M.P.H. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers (TTURC)
The TTURC initiative was supported by NCI, NIDA, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Within eight academic institutions, these Centers conduct a broad array of studies, including projects evaluating new models of nicotine addiction, the role of genetic and environmental factors in smoking initiation and persistence, methods for preventing tobacco use across cultures, and determinants of relapse. This initiative has received two rounds of funding (1999-2004 and 2004-2009) through the TTURC RFAs (CA-98-029 andCA-04-012). Total investment was $145.5 million to eight institutions over 10 years.
Contact: Glen Morgan, Ph.D. (email@example.com)
Youth Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
In partnership with other NIH Institutes, TCRB funded innovative research exploring tobacco use by children and youth in the United States.
Global Tobacco Research Network
In 2002, NCI began funding the Global Tobacco Research Network (GTRN) as a complement to the Fogarty International Center International Tobacco and Health Research and Capacity Building Program. GTRN is an information network of tobacco control researchers providing links to a database of tobacco-related research to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists.
National Tobacco Cessation Collaborative (NTCC)
The National Tobacco Cessation Collaborative (NTCC) was formed in June 2005 to improve the public's health by increasing successful cessation among tobacco users in the U.S. and Canada through collaborative efforts of committed organizations. Collaborative members represent major organizations that fund research, program, and policy initiatives related to tobacco cessation, as well as other organizations with a vested interest in tobacco cessation. As of September 30, 2011, NTCC is no longer operational.
Systems and Network Development Initiatives
Several projects have been funded to support the understanding of tobacco control systems (e.g., improving the progression of discovery to development, and to delivery) and the development of collaborative networks of scientists in order to improve communication and collaboration on tobacco control research in priority areas. Collaborations ensure that funds are used as efficiently and effectively as possible. In addition, networks create the opportunity for increasing transdisciplinarity across existing research grants and initiatives. Networks on tobacco products purported to reduce harm and disparities have been created and are progressing, and networks on surveillance/evaluation and cessation are planned.
Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND)
The NCI partnered with the American Legacy Foundation to develop and implement the Tobacco Research Network on Disparities (TReND). The mission of the Network was to understand and address tobacco-related health disparities by advancing the science, translating that scientific knowledge into practice, and informing public policy. TReND was designed to stimulate new studies, challenge existing paradigms, and address significant gaps in research on understudied and underserved populations. TReND included a diverse disciplines of researchers who seek to achieve the following goals:
- encourage collaborations among multiple research disciplines;
- serve as a forum for generating new ideas and research projects focusing on tobacco-related health disparities;
- establish a translation mechanism for communicating and interacting with other networks and community advocacy groups;
- promote the involvement and training of junior investigators and the participation of senior researchers in health disparities research; and
- provide scientific information and serve as a resource on tobacco and health disparities issues.
TReND brochure (PDF, 156 KB)
Visit the TReND Tobacco-Related Health Disparities public website for additional resources: http://www.tobaccodisparities.org
Youth Tobacco Cessation Collaborative (YTCC)
The Youth Tobacco Cessation Collaborative (YTCC) was formed in 1998 to address the gap in knowledge about what cessation strategies are most effective in assisting youth to quit smoking. Collaborative members represent major organizations that fund research, program, and policy initiatives related to controlling youth tobacco use. As of September 30, 2011, YTCC is no longer operational.