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National Cancer Institute

What Is the TUS-CPS?

The Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) is an NCI-sponsored survey of tobacco use that has been administered as part of the US Census Bureau's Current Population Survey in 1992-1993, 1995-1996, 1998-1999, 2000, 2001-2002, 2003, 2006-2007, and 2010-2011. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was a co-sponsor with NCI from 2001-02 through 2006-07. Most recently, a May 2010 - May 2011 TUS-CPS special Longitudinal Cohort file was released.

The TUS-CPS is a key source of national, state, and sub-state level data from US households regarding smoking, use of tobacco products, and tobacco-related norms, attitudes, and policies. It uses a large, nationally representative sample that contains information on about 240,000 individuals within a given survey period. Other characteristics of the survey are:

  • civilian, non-institutionalized population;
  • interviews all eligible household members ages 18 years and older (data for the 1992 - 2006 TUS-CPS are for persons 15 years and older);
  • state sample sizes range from 1,669 for New Mexico to 18,885 for California (self-response only range is 1,232 for NM to 13,467 for CA);
  • about 64% of respondents complete the TUS-CPS by telephone and 36% complete it in person; and
  • mostly self-reports (about 20% are by proxy for a few measures of use).

These data can be used by researchers to:

  • monitor tobacco control progress;
  • conduct tobacco-related research, including tobacco health disparities; and
  • evaluate tobacco control programs.

Uses and results from TUS-CPS data can be found on this Website . In addition, TUS-CPS data has been included in several of NCI's Tobacco Control Monographs, NCI's Trends in Cancer Progress Reports, several of the Surgeon General's Reports on tobacco control topics, Healthy People (HP) 2010 and 2020 reports, and most recently in the 2012 Congressional Budget Office report "Raising the Excise Tax on Cigarettes: Effects on Health and the Federal Budget". See Reports and Publications Using the TUS-CPS for a list of about 200 publications describing past TUS-CPS findings or utilizing some of the TUS-CPS data in conjunction with other health survey, registry, or other outcome data.

The TUS-CPS has regularly been translated into Spanish and the 2003 version was also translated into Chinese, Khmer, Korean, and Vietnamese. Information about the translated questionnaires, including reports on the review and pretesting of the translations, and copies of the questionnaires in all available languages, is available.

Download the TUS-CPS Fact Sheet (PDF, 152 KB).